The term United Nations was first used to describe the allied powers during World War II and was suggested by Winston Churchill. Today, the United Nations is an international political organization open to all peace loving countries. The first ideas for this political body were introduced during the signing of declarations by the allied powers at the end of World War II.
By April 25, 1945 San Francisco hosted the first conference of the United Nations with Alger Hiss serving as the first Secretary General. Government groups and non-political groups such as the Lions Club International were called upon to help develop the Charter of the United Nations. The Charter of the United Nations was signed by the 50 nations present at the first conference and Poland, who joined the signatures later and is still one of the original 51 political nations to sign.
The five permanent members of the Security Council were the Republic of China, France, the USSR, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Each permanent member and the other 46 nations ratified the charter and the United Nations was born on October 24, 1945.
The Republic of Chin is no longer an official member of the Security Council of the United Nations. Because of the political policy of the Republic of China, the United Nations replaced it with the People's Republic of China stating that is would be the only lawful representative of the United Nations and blocking out any attempts for the Republic of China to rejoin the United Nations.
The original goal of the United Nations was to prevent and eliminate wars between feuding nations. However, that did not pan out and the United Nations has been unsuccessful and the political agenda of other countries have generally come before their association with the United Nations and the peace effort. However, the United Nations has played a significant role in furthering human rights, economic development, health and education.